Continuing my previous reference to Alise Panitch’s argument that estoppel would be a useful tool for resolving frozen embryo disputes, this article develops her research with reference to the condition of detriment in estoppel. Though Panitch refers to the ‘time, money, and psychological commitment necessarily expended in pursuing the full commitment (of IVF)’, these notions with respect to detriment have been significantly overlooked, especially in the courts and to a lesser degree in academic literature. This article will accordingly contemplate the physical, psychological and financial detriments to gamete providers if embryos are used against their wishes. Detriment can operate in a variety of circumstances and this article details how detriment could affect women who have sustained repeated failed IVF cycles, and how age affects the subject as well. Following this discussion, it is considered how detriment may affect men and gamete providers not seeking implantation. This leads to a conclusion that detriment is a more significant factor for the female gamete provider seeking implantation.
[C]um venit calamitas, tum detrimentum accipitur
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